Hello Sunday school teachers, preachers, and students! Welcome to SundaySchoolPreacher.com. This week’s lesson is titled “Faithful Despite Unfaithfulness” and “God Hears our Cry”. God is faithful despite the Israelite’s unfaithfulness yet again. A pattern is beginning to form for this newly freed nation. Once again they cry out in the wilderness wishing they had died in the land of their captivity. Just as God heard their cry, God hears our cry. Prayerfully, we don’t have a pattern of unfaithfulness. This week I review the beginning portion of this Israelite journey toward the Promised Land. The old generation from Egypt can’t be trusted. Now it’s up to the new generation to inherit the promise.
We began last week with the Israelites just beginning their journey into the wilderness. This week’s lesson continues that journey as they should be poised for conquest but instead cower in fear, rebellion against God, and faithlessness. They are at the border of Canaan and spies have gone into Canaan to determine if the land is suitable for their conquest. Last week after God delivers them from the hand of Pharaoh with mighty works and wonders and after only 45 days into their journey they complain bitterly to Moses because of their hunger. This week after God has continued to sustain them with bread and meat from heaven they are still faithless and in effect reject God by their disbelief. Of the twelve spies, only Joshua and Caleb return with a good report. The faithless nation believes the ten and in effect rejects God. They could see everything God had already done for them but could not see what God could do through them. As we continue to understand how God is faithful, this week I focus on how God is faithful despite unfaithfulness in Israel. Some of the ideas surrounding this week’s text include the terms:
Numbers is the fourth book of the Old Testament. Tradition has it that Moses is credited as its author. The New Interpreter’s Study Bible explains that “the English title refers to the many numbers contained in the two census lists that form the central pillars of the book’s structure in chapters 1 and 26”. So these censuses are central to the structure of the book, but the message of Numbers is the story of the old generation out of Egypt dying off as the new generation prepares to move into the Promised Land. The NISB also explains that “the central narrative of Numbers is the spy story of chapters 13-14. Those are the two chapters we’ll cover today. These chapters narrate the theme of judgement and death for an old generation and the birth and hope of a new generation of God’s people”. They tell the story of why the old generation lost the Promised Land and the new generation would receive it. That theme is a result of the old generation failing time after time after time to trust God. Their faithless acts of disobedience and rebellion ultimately led to their demise in the wilderness while a new generation would be prepared to trust and follow God. So Numbers talks to judgement and death of the old generation, placed against the birth and hope of the new generation.
Numbers covers the story of the Israelites in the wilderness. This is a span of about 40 years. It opens with the generation that came out of Egypt and the first census of 603,550 males. This census is in preparation for the conquest of the Promised Land. The second census of the new generation occurs in chapter twenty-six.
This thirteenth and fourteenth chapter deals specifically with the twelve spies, one from each tribe, going into Canaan to survey the land and determine if it is ready for their conquest. The twelve spies return forty days later with a mixed report. They all report that the land flows with milk and honey but only Joshua and Caleb report that they should move immediately to take the land. After hearing the faithless and exaggerated report of the ten spies the Israelites again cry out in despair. Once again, they wish to return to the land of enslavement back in Egypt. Some important words to consider form this text include:
Review of Last Week and How it Connects to This Week.
Last week’s lesson was taken from Exodus 16 and opened with the Israelites having been already delivered from enslavement in Egypt. They are now wandering in the wilderness at a place called Sin, between Elim and Sinai. They have been on their journey from Egypt for only about 45 days.
In verses two and three the whole congregation complained against Moses and Aaron. They protest so severely that they imagined dying back in the land of their captivity. They complained, “if only they had died by the hand of the Lord back in Egypt”. I noted how these are a people who have given up. There were no Egyptians around to enslave them. There were no slave masters around to whip them. There were no Egyptian solders around to slay them. Yet, they desired to go back to the land of enslavement, back to whippings and beatings, and back to soldiers who could slay them. They had given up, capitulated, and thrown in the towel because at least in Egypt they had food to eat. I noted how they saw themselves in this foreign land, this wilderness, dying of hunger. So then they blamed Moses and Aaron for their hunger. I also quoted the “The New Interpreter’s Study Bible” explaining that “life as a slave in Egypt is better than the risk of freedom in the wilderness”.
In verse four the LORD gives Moses a plan. The LORD tells Moses how bread will be provided and how the people are to gather the bread from heaven. But the LORD presents this as a test for the Israelites. God will rain bread from heaven and the Israelites are to gather only enough for their daily needs. In this way, God will know if they will follow God’s instruction. Just as God gave the Israelites provision day by day, it is up to us to trust God for our daily bread.
Verse five gave them instructions on how to gather in preparation for the Sabbath. On the sixth day they are to gather twice as much in preparation for the seventh day of rest.
In verses six and seven Moses and Aaron explain to the Israelites the plan the LORD has set forth for their provision. They tell the people “in the evening you will know that it was the LORD that brought you out of Egypt. And in the morning you will see the glory of the LORD”. Moses and Aaron want them to know that they aren’t complaining to them but to God.
In verse eight Moses makes it plain that the people aren’t complaining against him and Aaron; they are complaining against the LORD. This won’t be the last time the Israelites complain. They have seen the great plagues and experienced the great deliverance of God from their Egyptian enslavers. Yet, a mere 45 days later they are completely defeated with no enemy soldiers in sight.
The text skips to verses thirteen through fifteen. Here, the LORD provides quail in the evening and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. After the dew lifted there was a fine flaky substance on the ground. They ask “what is it” and Moses explains “it is the bread that the LORD has given you to eat”.
As we continue to study God’s faithfulness and responses to God’s faithfulness, this week we see faithfulness in the minority report of Joshua and Caleb. Joshua and Caleb are faithful. The others are not. Not only are they faithless but their rebellion and ultimate rejection of God is the cause of the old generation being condemned to wander 40 years in the wilderness until almost all of them die out. The lesson this week is entitled “Faithful Despite Unfaithfulness and God Hears Our Cry”. The scripture text comes from Numbers 13:1-2, 17a, 25-28a; 14:1-2, 5-10a.
What Takes Place in This Passage:
The lesson opens at chapter thirteen verses one and two with the LORD speaking to Moses. The LORD instructs Moses to send men into the land of Canaan. The LORD specifies “the land which I am giving to the Israelites”. This is the land that God promised Abraham. The Promised Land and the nation of Israel were hundreds of years in the making but now the descendants of Abraham were on the verge of receiving the long awaited promise.
The text skips to verse 17a where Moses sends the 12 spies into Canaan to explore the land and determine its suitability for the conquest.
At verse twenty-five the spies have returned from their 40 day reconnaissance. The number forty is used quite often in the Bible. We see later that the Israelites would wander in the wilderness for forty years. Jesus fasted forty days and forty nights. It rained for forty days and forty nights in the great flood. In Exodus 24:18 Moses spent forty days on Mount Sinai and in Acts 1:3 there are forty days between the resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ. So the number forty occurs quite often and at significant times but we should not give this number any more significance than needed. Merriam-Webster defines numerology as “the study of the occult significance of numbers”. While numbers often symbolize something they should not to be given divine meaning unless specifically stated to have divine meaning from God. Occult practices include numerology, astrology, witchcraft, tarot cards and others.
In verse twenty-six the spies assemble at Kadesh in the Desert of Paran to report their findings to Moses, Aaron, and the whole assembly. The spies showed them the fruit of the land.
In verse 27 the spies reveal that the land flows with milk and honey. Not only do they tell of the goodness of the land but they bring back evidence of the bountiful harvests that await the other side.
In verse 28 despite them seeing the bountiful blessing of the land; the spies report that the people are powerful and the cities are fortified and very large. I should note that the first census reported over 600,000 men. Historians report that this would have been an unusually large number of people because most nation states were not this large at that time. So it seems that these spies see the blessings possible in the Promised Land, they see the powerful people, they see the large cities, but they do not see the fulfilled promise of God nor do they see themselves are powerful in God’s might.
The text skips to chapter fourteen verses one and two where the entire congregation lifted up their voices and cried and the people wept that night. They weep because they have believed the exaggerated report of the ten spies. The New Interpreter’s Bible One Volume Commentary explains that there are two versions of the spy’s negative report. “In the first version the land flows with milk and honey. In the second version verses 32-33 declare that the land itself is so bad that it eats its inhabitants”. Additionally, “the spies warn of giant Anakites and of a mythological and semi-divine race of giants known as the Nephilim”. The Israelites see these giants and once again fall into fear. Instead of believing God, instead of believing they were powerful and strong and brave, instead of believing they were enough and that they had enough. They choose instead to believe the report of these men instead of the command of God. They are out of Egypt. They have been delivered from enslavement by mighty works and wonders of God. God has provided them with mana in the morning and meat in the evening. God has turned bitter water to drinkable water. Even with all these miraculous works they cannot see how God will give them this Promised Land. Once again, they complain against Moses and Aaron. Once again, they wish that they had died in the land of Egypt or in the wilderness. As they wept that night, God heard their cry. They cry out not in faith, but in unfaithfulness. They don’t cry out in belief, but in unbelief. Theirs is not a cry of hope, but hopelessness. Although the old generation has seen the mighty works of God; this conquest is just a step too far for them to take.
In verse five Moses and Aaron fall on their face before all of the assembly. They realize what the Israelites are doing. They realize this entire nation is choosing to reject God even after all God has done for them.
Verses six and seven show Joshua and Caleb as the faithful few who believe God can and will do what God said God would do. They tear their clothes in frustration and declare again that the land they went through was an exceedingly good land.
In verse eight they explain that if the LORD is pleased with them The LORD will give them this land that flows with milk and honey.
In verses nine and ten they warn the Israelites not to rebel against the LORD and do not fear the people of the land. Instead of heeding the warning of Joshua and Caleb, the whole congregation threatened to stone them.
Perhaps you have heard someone say “I’ll believe it when I see it”. Seeing and believing seem to complement each other. Yet sometimes it can be hard to believe what you see. These Israelites saw the mighty works of God demonstrated in miraculous ways, yet they could not believe what God told them would come next. Not only had they seen the mighty works of God but they also saw the evidence of a land flowing with milk and honey. Instead of believing what God would do they choose instead to believe the exaggerations and lies about mythological giants. The people in the land were real and they were no doubt powerful. But God is all powerful. The question for us today is whether we believe God or whether we believe myths.
Key Characters in the text:
Moses – The first great leader of the Hebrew people, regarded by some as the author of the first five books of the Old Testament. Moses is revered by Jews, Christians, and Muslims for his daring leadership and diplomacy as well as his promulgation of the divine law (Townsend).
Aaron – The brother of Moses and the first high priest of Israel. Aaron was a descendant of Levi’s and a son of Amram and Jochebed’s (Exodus 6:20). Born eighty-three years before the Exodus, he was three years older than Moses (Exodus 7:7) but younger than their sister, Miriam (Townsend).
Joshua – The son of Nun, a member of the tribe of Ephraim, and Moses’ lieutenant and successor. He was originally named Hoshea.
Caleb – The son of Jephunneh of the tribe of Judah, and one of the twelve spies whom Moses commanded to observe the land of Canaan.
Fidelity – The quality or state of being faithful. The fidelity of God is shown in God’s dependability, trustworthiness, and reliability.
Despair – utter loss of hope.
Themes, Topics, Discussion, or Sermon Preparation Ideas:
1. I’ll believe it when I see it.
2. Just because you don’t believe it, doesn’t mean it isn’t true.
1. The old generation of Israelites would not see the Promised Land. Discuss why.
2. Joshua and Caleb are the minority with a good report. Why is their report positive and the other ten spies report negative?
God promised Abraham that he would become the father of many nations. God also promised him the land of Canaan for his descendants. It was hundreds of years in the making but it came to pass. God is faithful even when God’s people are not. If God has promised you something, don’t give up. Don’t give in. Be encouraged and keep the faith. God is Faithful.
Preview of Next Week’s Lesson:
Next week the lesson continues in the book of Numbers. As we continue the God is faithful theme, we see God about to meet out the harshest of punishment against the nation of Israel. Faithful Moses steps in to plead the case for the rebellious and faithless people and God changes God’s mind. Instead of punishment God grants forgiveness. The lesson is entitled God Forgives.