Hello Sunday school teachers, preachers, and students! Welcome to SundaySchoolPreacher.com. In this week’s Sunday School Lesson Peter writes to essentially tell the saints to stick to your faith and to have faith that escapes corruption. Peter is essentially saying if you don’t stand for something, you’ll fall for anything. Peter is concerned about these brothers and sisters. In this first chapter he outlines seven building blocks that move from basic faith to a rich love that supports holy living. The Apostle reminds the saints that God extends the invitation to faith in Jesus Christ to all people. He reminds them that believers should confirm their salvation through Jesus Christ by carrying out God’s purposes. He reminds them of how their faith is precious because it has been bought with a price. The righteousness and faith of God and Jesus Christ is not cheap. It’s been purchased with the precious blood of God’s only begotten son, Jesus, who is the Christ. Some of the ideas surrounding this week’s text include the terms:
Just as in last week’s lesson in 1 Peter, the author of The Second Letter of Peter is also credited to its namesake – the Apostle Peter. Jesus gives Simeon the name Peter in Matthew 16:18. Peter is sometimes called Simon Peter because his name was originally “Simeon bar Jona” which means Simeon “son of Jona”. Simeon is the Hebrew form of Simon. The Aramaic name Cephas means “rock” and is translated “Peter”. The Greek name Petros also means “rock” and is translated “Peter”. So whether he is called Simon, Simon Peter, Cephas, or Petros he is still the same impetuous, hot headed, passionate, knife carrying fisherman from the outskirts of Galilee. Also just as in last week, the authorship of 2 Peter is debated. The New Interpreter’s Study Bible notes “even more emphatically than in the case of 1 Peter, most interpreters doubt that the apostle was the actual author”. Again, the Apostle may not have crossed the T’s and dotted the I’s but this letter conveys the thought and intent of the Apostle.
This first chapter of 2 Peter deals with the Christian’s call and election. Westminster’s Dictionary of Theological Terms define “call, general” A term used by John Calvin to indicate the invitation God extends to all people to have faith in Jesus Christ. It defines election as “God’s choosing of a people to enjoy the benefits of salvation and to carry out God’s purposes in the world (1 Thess. 1:4; 2 Peter 1:10). So in this first chapter of 2 Peter, the Apostle is reminding us that God extends the invitation to faith in Jesus Christ to all people. Secondly he reminds us that believers should confirm their salvation through Jesus Christ by carrying out God’s purposes. As this chapter deals with the Christian’s call and election we should be mindful of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ which makes our calling possible and the grace and mercy of God that extends the invitation to all humanity. Peter writes this letter to remind the saints of this before his impending death. Some important words to consider from this text include:
Review of Last Week and How it Connects to This Week:
Last week’s Lesson was taken from 1 Peter 1 and opened at verse thirteen with Peter telling the scattered saints of Asia Minor to prepare their minds for action. I noted how the King James Version says “gird up the loins of your mind” and that term gives you the picture of someone preparing to go to work. So Peter was essentially saying discipline yourselves, prepare your minds for work, and set your hope on the grace that Jesus Christ will bring when he returns. I explained how Peter was essentially saying things might be tough right now but you just hold on a little while longer – Jesus is coming back and when he gets back he’s going to make things right. The saints in Asia Minor were to endure their hardship and persecution with the hope of knowing that Jesus is going to set things straight when he returns.
In verse fourteen I noted how important obedience was to holy living. Peter had mentioned obedience in verse one and mentioned it again in verse fourteen. So while the chapter was about holy living and encouraged the saints to live holy lives with a faith that is focused, we also saw how important obedience was to holy living.
In verses fifteen and sixteen Peter quoted the Old Testament law of Leviticus 11:44-45 and 19:2. He reminded them that God had already said “you shall be holy for I am holy.” Peter was telling the saints to imitate God. He reminded them that God is holy and since God is holy they should be also. This was their call to holiness. It was the central purpose of why he wrote 1 Peter.
In verse seventeen he reminded the saints to keep the faith during their exile. He reminded them to have a reverent fear of God knowing that God would be their Judge when Jesus returns. I noted how you might have heard the old folk say something like “I’m just a pilgrim passing through.” That was the idea I got when I read this verse. Peter was telling the saints you’re just passing though. Do what you need to do, do what you have to do, to get through the other side.
In verses eighteen and nineteen he reminded them of the price that was paid by Jesus. They were ransomed from the futile ways of their ancestors. They weren’t ransomed with perishable things like silver or gold but with the precious blood of Jesus Christ like that of a lamb without spot or blemish. Peter was reflecting back on Old Testament practices of sacrificing animals as atonement for sins.
In verse twenty Peter told us that Christ was destined before the foundation of the world. That reminded us that God knows the ending before our beginning. Peter wanted to reassure the saints that their suffering and persecution was not unknown to God. And just as Jesus Christ was foreordained to suffer Calvary for the redemption of all humanity their present suffering was not lost on God and it would be made right in the coming return of Jesus Christ.
In verse twenty-two Peter brought up obedience again. He told the saints that their souls had been purified by their obedience to the truth. It was because of this truth that Jesus Christ was coming again that they should have genuine mutual love and that they should love one another deeply from the heart. So while this chapter told the saints to live holy lives with a faith that is focused, we also see how important obedience is to living holy.
In verse twenty-three he reminded the saints that they had been born again. In the same way he reminded them in verse eighteen that they had been bought with the imperishable blood of Jesus Christ in verse twenty-three he reminded them that they had been born again with the imperishable seed of the living word of God.
Verses twenty-four and twenty-five closed last week’s lesson with a quote from Isaiah 40:6-8. Peter reminded the saints that life is fleeting. But God is eternal. I noted how this verse reminded me of the saying “only what you do for Christ will last.” Everything we know about life is in transition. It is either growing up or growing old, increasing or decreasing. Life is fleeting but God is steadfast and eternal.
What Takes Place in This Passage:
The Lesson opens at verse one with Peter describing himself as a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ. These days apostle is a title, it’s not just a title but a high title. So not only did Peter carry this title but he also called himself a servant. The point is… You don’t get too big to serve. Not only was Peter an apostle of Jesus Christ he was also a servant of Jesus Christ. He continues by addressing those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours. It’s important to note that he says it is through righteousness of God and Jesus Christ that their faith was received and also that their faith was precious. It’s precious in the sense that there is a price that’s been paid for this righteousness. The righteousness of God and Jesus Christ is not cheap. It’s been purchased with the precious blood of God’s only begotten son, Jesus who is the Christ.
In verse two he mentions grace and peace be yours through the knowledge of God and Jesus. Listen, Peter is talking to these saints. Even in this salutation, this greeting in the second verse of the first chapter of this letter; he knows his death is coming. But he wants these saints to know grace and peace in abundance. We all need grace. Grace is unmerited favor. Grace is – I didn’t deserve it… But God gave it to me anyway; God blessed me anyway. And we can have all the riches of this world, but if you don’t have peace you don’t have much of nothing. Peter wants them to know the blessings of God’s grace and God’s peace.
Verse three tells us God’s divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life. That’s living holy. That’s what the godly life is, it’s living holy. And we are able to live that godly life through knowledge of who called us.
In verse four Peter tells the saints through knowledge and through God’s precious and great promises they are able to escape the corruption of this world. I’m not sure how bad corruption was in Peter’s time. But I know it’s bad today. Corruption, violence, sickness, and disease seem to be on every hand. If there is any chance to escape any of this corruption Peter wants the saints to know about it and to be able to participate in what he calls the divine nature.
In verses five, six and seven Peter is essentially saying because of this corruption make every effort to support and strengthen your faith with goodness, and strengthen your goodness with knowledge, and your knowledge with self-control, and your self-control with endurance, and your endurance with godliness, and your godliness with mutual affection, and your mutual affection with love. This may not be a road map to holy living but these are certainly building blocks on which holy living can be built. The foundation of these seven building blocks is faith and I like how it starts with faith and ends with love. All of these seven actions are helpful with supporting faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior and growing us to better saints.
In verse eight Peter tells us why these building blocks are important. He says if these seven action words are yours and they are increasing in you won’t be ineffective and unfruitful in the knowledge of Jesus Christ.
Verse nine tells us the problem saints have when they don’t have these building blocks. It says if anyone lacks these things they are nearsighted and blind and forgetful of the cleansing of past sins. In other words they forget where God has brought them from. Listen; when you are grateful for what somebody has done for you, you don’t soon forget what they did. We ought to be grateful for the sacrifice of Jesus Christ and not soon forget what God has done for us through Jesus Christ.
In verses ten and eleven Peter tells the brothers and sisters to be eager to confirm your call and election. In other words, he has laid out for them the building blocks, he has told them the actions they need to take, and if they follow the instructions they won’t have to worry about their calling and election from God. And if they get this right, the eternal kingdom of Jesus Christ will be theirs.
In verses twelve and thirteen Peter tells the brothers and sisters that he intends to keep reminding them of these building blocks. He intends to keep reminding them of the path to holiness. He intends to keep reminding them of the things they already know. Listen; some things you don’t need somebody to remind you of, you already know it. You just need to do it. Peter is so concerned that he essentially says as long as he’s living he’s going to keep reminding them.
Verses fourteen and fifteen close this lesson with Peter telling the saints that he knows his death is coming. And not only is it coming, but that it’s coming soon because Jesus Christ has made it clear to him. Peter knows what he is facing. He knows what lay ahead for him. So while the blood is still running warm in his veins, he is going to do what he can do to help these brothers and sisters get on and stay on the right track with Jesus Christ.
If you don’t stand for something, you’ll fall for anything. Peter is telling these sisters and brothers to stick to your faith. There are some things that are yes or no, black or white and no grey area in between. The building blocks Peter lays out for these saints will help them navigate the grey areas of life. The areas were the answer is yes but also, or no but on the other hand. Through the presence and power of the Holy Spirit, though the knowledge of Jesus Christ and God’s word we have the building blocks to stick to your faith and to have faith that escapes corruption.
Key Characters in the text:
Peter – One of Jesus’ twelve disciples. Originally named Simon, Peter was a Galilean fisherman, the son of John and brother of Andrew. (Townsend)
Key Words (not necessarily in the text, but good for discussion):
Corruption – The theological description of the manifestation and result of human sin.
Remember – a verb – To have in or be able to bring to one’s mind an awareness of (someone or something that one has seen, known, or experienced in the past).
Themes, Topics, Discussion, or Sermon Preparation Ideas:
1. If you don’t stand for something you’ll fall for anything.
2. I will call to mind the deeds of the Lord (Psalm 77:11)
1. How have you had to take a stand for your faith?
We have to stick to our faith to have faith that escapes corruption. Corruption in this life seems to be everywhere. It is our reminder that there is a new heaven and a new earth that we can look forward to one day.
Preview of Next Week’s Lesson:
Next week begins the first lesson of the winter quarter. Through the months of December, January, and February the overarching theme will be honoring God. Next week we move to the Old Testament book of Chronicles and explore how David honors God by bringing the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem. The lesson is titled “David Worships God in Jerusalem”. The text is taken from 1 Chronicles 15:1-3, 14-16, 25-29a.
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